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葡萄座腔菌属(B otryosphaeria)系统分类评述

赵嘉平 梁军 吕全 张星耀

引用本文:
Citation:

葡萄座腔菌属(B otryosphaeria)系统分类评述

  • 基金项目:

    国家自然基金项目(30271084)资助

Review on the Systemic Taxonomy of Genus Botryosphae ria

  • 摘要: 本文系统论述了葡萄座腔菌(B otryosphaeria Ces. &De Not. )及其无性型的系统分类现状。首先概述了B otry2osphaeria真菌模式种的建立及无性型分类的演化过程,主要介绍了B otryosphaeria真菌系统分类的一个重要观点:即B otryosphaeria代表了两个不同的系统发育单元的集合,其无性阶段可能分别对应于色二孢属(D iplodia)和壳梭孢属(Fusicoccum ) 。同时介绍了真菌多无性型(p leoanamorphy) 、同等无性型( synanamorphs)概念和Fusicoccum 真菌座腔壳砖隔孢属(D ichom era)同等无性型的主要特征。分析了一些重要有性型种,如茶藨子葡萄座腔菌(B. dothidea) ,多主葡萄座腔菌(B. ribis) ,贝伦格葡萄座腔菌(B. berengeriana) ,B. parva, B. lutea等之间的系统分类关系,介绍了近年发现的20多个有性与无性型新种。其次介绍了主要的分子系统学研究方法并分析了其在B otryosphaeria真菌系统分类中的应用状况。最后通过分析与国外研究水平的差距,讨论了今后我国重点研究的方向。
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葡萄座腔菌属(B otryosphaeria)系统分类评述

  • 1. 中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所,国家林业局森林保护学重点实验室,北京 100091
基金项目:  国家自然基金项目(30271084)资助

摘要: 本文系统论述了葡萄座腔菌(B otryosphaeria Ces. &De Not. )及其无性型的系统分类现状。首先概述了B otry2osphaeria真菌模式种的建立及无性型分类的演化过程,主要介绍了B otryosphaeria真菌系统分类的一个重要观点:即B otryosphaeria代表了两个不同的系统发育单元的集合,其无性阶段可能分别对应于色二孢属(D iplodia)和壳梭孢属(Fusicoccum ) 。同时介绍了真菌多无性型(p leoanamorphy) 、同等无性型( synanamorphs)概念和Fusicoccum 真菌座腔壳砖隔孢属(D ichom era)同等无性型的主要特征。分析了一些重要有性型种,如茶藨子葡萄座腔菌(B. dothidea) ,多主葡萄座腔菌(B. ribis) ,贝伦格葡萄座腔菌(B. berengeriana) ,B. parva, B. lutea等之间的系统分类关系,介绍了近年发现的20多个有性与无性型新种。其次介绍了主要的分子系统学研究方法并分析了其在B otryosphaeria真菌系统分类中的应用状况。最后通过分析与国外研究水平的差距,讨论了今后我国重点研究的方向。

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