The length, width, thickness, length/width ratio and 100-seed weight of Magnolia officinalis seeds from 15 natural distribution regions in China were measured and their germination rates were tested. The results showed that there were significant differences among seeds from different region in seed characters and 100-seed weight. Correlation analysis between seed characters and geographical climatic factors showed that the main variation was of geographical locations. The annual mean temperature, annual precipitation and frost-free period were the leading ecological factors restricting the seed variation. The results of test showed that there were significant differences in germination rates among different seed sources. The seeds from Ningqiang had the highest germination rate, while that from Kaixian the minimum. The seeds from Jingning, Wuyishan and Longsheng had high germination potential. According to cluster analysis on 5 trait-location mean values including seed size and quality and geographical climatic factors, the Magnolia officinalis from 15 natural distribution regions could be divided into 2 provenance regions, i.e. south-east M. officinalis provenance region and north-west provenance region.
Systematic experiments concerningmorphological and physiological changes associated with senescence of cut Lycoris aurea were conducted. The results indicated thatwhen the concentration of CoCl2 was 40 or 80 mg L-1 , it could considerably extended the longevity of cut L. aurea, increasing vase life from 5 days ( under control) to 9 days and imp rovingthe quality of flowers effectively. Itwas concluded that this p reservative with 40 mg·L-1 could retard water stress, imp rovewater balance and delay senescence p rocess of cut L. aurea. CoCl2 not only slowed the rate of p rotein decomposition but also decreased inMDA content and increased peroxidase content. Moreover, the results also showed a good effect of CoCl2with 80 mg L-1 on cut L. aurea. So there was a great foreground for p reservation of cut L. aurea.